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The Hokkaido Ken is one of the six, native, Japanese spitz type dogs
HOKKAIDO KEN

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16.06.1999/EN

FCI-Standard N° 261

HOKKAIDO

 

ORIGIN : Japan.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID

STANDARD : 20.12.1994.

UTILIZATION : Hunting dog, companion.

FCI-CLASSIFICATION : Group 5 Spitz and primitive type.

Section 5 Asian Spitz and related

breeds.

Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : This breed is said to have

originated from medium-sized Japanese dogs that accompanied

migrants from Honshu (the main island of Japan) to Hokkaido during

the Kamakura era (in the 1140s), when exchanges were developing

between Hokkaido and the Tohoku District. When the breed was

designated as a « natural monument » in 1937, it took an the name of

the area. It also came to be known as the « Ainu-ken », since the

Ainu-the former inhabitants of Hokkaido-used to breed these dogs

for hunting bears and other animals. The physique of the Hokkaido

enables it to withstand severe cold and heavy snowfalls. It also

shows accurate judgement and great stamina.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium-sized dog with secondary

sex characteristics strongly marked, well balanced, sturdily built and

well boned. Muscles tough and clean cut.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

 The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11

 The ratio of skull to length of nasal bridge is 3 : 2.

 Length of skull equal to width of cheeks, being about one fourth

of height at withers. FCI-St. N° 261 / 16.06.1999

 

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Dog of noteworthy

endurance, showing dignity and naive feeling. The temperament is

faithful, docile, very alert and bold.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION :

Skull and forehead : Broad and slightly flat.

Stop : Shallow, but defined.

FACIAL REGION :

Nose : Black, flesh colour permitted with a white coat.

Muzzle : Wedge-shaped. Nasal bridge straight.

Lips : Tight, with black edges.

Jaws/Teeth : Strong, with a scissor bite.

Cheeks : Well developed.

Eyes : Relatively small, nearly triangular, set well apart and dark

brown in colour.

Ears : Small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly

pricked.

NECK : Powerful and muscular, free from dewlap.

BODY :

Withers : High.

Back : Straight and strong.

Loins : Moderately broad and muscular.

Croup : Properly sloping.

Chest : Forechest well developed. Chest deep and moderately broad;

ribs well sprung.

Belly : Well tucked up.

TAIL : Set on high, thick and carried over the back vigorously

curled or curved like a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let

down. FCI-St. N° 261 / 16.06.1999

 

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :

Shoulders : Moderately sloping.

Forearm : Straight, clean cut.

Pasterns : Slightly inclining.

HINDQUARTERS :

General appearance : Powerful.

Hocks : Tough, sufficiently strong.

FEET : Toes well arched and tightly closed; pads hard and elastic;

nails hard and black or dark colour.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Active, quick, light and resilient.

COAT

HAIR : Outer coat harsh and straight; undercoat soft and dense. The

hair on the tail fairly long and off-standing.

COLOUR : Sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle, red,

black, black and tan, white.

SIZE :

Height at withers : Dogs 48,5 - 51,5 cm.

Bitches 45,5 - 48, 5 cm.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be

considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be

regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect

upon the health and welfare of the dog.

 Bitchy dog/doggy bitches.

 Slightly overshot or undershot mouth. FCI-St. N° 261 / 16.06.1999

 

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

 Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural

abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.

 Ears not pricked.

 Hanging or short tail.

 Shyness.

N.B.:

 Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles

fully descended into the scrotum.

 Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed

typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Blue-Black colour in tongue is not a fault.

 

 








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